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agro climatic zone of ethiopia pdf

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The variability was analyzed considering mean annual rainfall (MARF, mm), mean daily minimum temperature (MDMinT, °C), and mean daily maximum temperature (MDMaxT, °C). Zone Planning and Economic Development Department (NSPEDD, 2001) reveals that the elevation of the study area ranges between 800 and 2,500 meters above sea level. In northern Ethiopia, in the Afar Region (the zone 3 on the map), the climate is desert and hot throughout the year. ˘ˇ˛ˇ ˆ˚ ˜ ! The largest among them is Zone L (93531 km2) and the smallest is Zone 5J (384.6 km2). Oromia is mainly characterized by the diversity in altitude occupying climate and ecological variation generally western oromia is characterized Wollega zone stratified into three agro ecological zones based on agro-climatic conditions namely: low land 56.4% (1200-1799 m), mid land 28.2% (1800 -2450 m), and high land 15.4% (2460-3178 m) [13]. The AEC is the basic processing unit for physical analysis in an AEZ study. Farmers’ perceptions and matching climate records jointly explain adaptation responses in four communities around Lake Tana, Ethiopia András Darabant, et al. The result is that there is a huge water deficit every year. Decision support to match practices and technologies with agro-ecological zones is a priority. The planning aims at scientific management of regional resources to meet the food, fiber, fodder and fuel wood without adversely affecting the status of natural resources and environment. The findings showed that, the mean volume of milk required to produce a kg of butter was 20.74lit and the average butter produced /week/HH was 0.44kg. 2Embrapa Swine and Poultry, P. O. The indices are applied to daily temperature and precipitation data. Agric. These zones are tropical, Sub-tropical, temperate and arid zone. Article Download PDF View Record in Scopus Google Scholar. Agro-ecological zones and farming systems are extremely diverse. ley of Ethiopia, climate change and variability is manifest through frequent droughts and floods, erratic rainfall and fluctuating mean temperature [19]. Out of … The study aims to assess trends in extremes of surface temperature and precipitation through the application of the World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI) on datasets representing three agroecological zones in Southern Ethiopia. An Agro-ecological Zone is a land resource mapping unit, defined in terms of climate, landform and soils, and/or land cover, and having a specific range of potentials and constraints for land use. The superimposition of these map layers, viz., altitude zonation map, cropping land use map, productivity map and PT Index map resulted in the delineation of fourteen zones (five-climatic zones and nine agro-climatic zones). Ethiopia Weather & Climate Zones of . Lowland (40) representing agro-climate of the districts and owning at least one milking cow and interviewed individually. According to the Ministry of Agriculture (1998), Ethiopia has 18 main agro-ecological zones. • Due to the influence of various factors such as topography, climate, etc the country has many soil types, of which Nitosol, Vertisol, Fluvisol and Cambisol, are the most dominant ones. intercropping. A total of 330 questionnaire surveys were collected from 44 peasant associations (PA) distributed in 15 districts. Crops can be grouped into high and low external inputs 5. An “Agro-climatic zone” is a land unit in terms of major climates, suitable for a certain range of crops and cultivars. Simple descriptive statistics along with Co-efficient of Variation (CV) were worked to understand the rainfall variability. from 11 of the country’s 18 agro-ecological zones, representing more than 74 percent of the country, and surveyed 1,000 farmers from 50 districts. This report was prepared as part of the efforts to assess the potential for AWM solutions at national level. Six traditional or 33 elaborated agro-ecological zones exist in Ethiopia 3. India has a diverse agro-climate, topography and soil types on the basis of which it has been categorized into various regions. The objective of the study was to analyze the variability of various climate indicators across the agro-climatic zones (ACZs) of the Jema watershed. • On the bases of the above, the country has 32 major agro-ecological zones. However, the use of agroclimatic information to adjust to the local climate is widespread throughout the world. 1057-1064. The annual LGP is not more than 90 days. N.H. BatjesISRIC-WISE Derived Soil Properties on a 5 by 5 Arc-minutes Global Grid. highland agro-climatic zones (0.68%). Agro-ecological zones and soils • three major agro-ecological regions which are primarily based on rainfall characteristics but also incorporate soils and other climatic characteristics –Regions I:Semi-arid includes southern, eastern and western areas. An analytical examination was done to work out the unevenness in point location and time to time variability in rainfall at Coimbatore and Erode district of Western agro climatic zone of Tamil Nadu (India) for 100 years (1916-2015). Rainfall Variability across the Agro-Climatic Zones of a Tropical Highland: The Case of the Jema Watershed, Northwestern Ethiopia Mintesinot Taye 1,* , Belay Simane 2, Benjamin F. Zaitchik 3, Yihenew G. Selassie 4 and Shimelis Setegn 5 1 Institute of Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Studies, Bahir Dar University, P. O. For instance, soil type, temperature, topography, cropping and farming system and water resources. Thus interventions need to be targeted to specific contexts. Measured data on climate and weather in Ethiopia are scarce, as there are very few weather stations. ndIt is the 2 largest prospective cotton production region in Ethiopia Location: the region is located in the East & South-East of Ethiopia and shares borders with Somalia, Kenya, and Djibouti Population: 4.7 million in Somali Region and 457, 086 in Sitti Zone. Ethiopia has diverse agro-ecologies, which enable the production of a variety of crops and livestock. Odds ratio indicated that animals in the lowlands were 9.4 times more likely to be seroposi-tive to brucellosis than those in the highland agro-climatic zone (Table 2). Crop yield is (FAO, 1983). This covers only 15-20 per cent of the annual PET demand which is 1500-2000 mm. Portfolios of practices and technologies are The diversity in altitude and resulting climate and ecological variation present both challenges and opportunities. Agro-climatic zones in India. An Agro-ecological Cell (AEC) is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist. Different and the same crops grow in these agro-ecologies (not specific) 4. The quantification of agroclimatic resources has been used to delineate agrtoclimatic zones. The agro-ecological zones in Ethiopia are defined on the basis of temperature and moisture regimes (MoA 1998). Risk factors that showed significant effect in the univariate logistic regression were … Key words: Agro-climatic zone, Ethiopia, logistic regression, lumpy skin disease, risk factor. Box 32, Debrezeit, Ethiopia. Forest Meteorol., 150 (2010), pp. The study found that a percent decline in precipitation has a larger effect on the economy as compared to a corresponding increase in temperature. The major issues emerging in the irrigated cropping systems along with yield gaps of some of important cropping systems have also been provided in the text of this paper. These agro-climatic regions are delineated on the bases of agro-climatic features. The Indian union fruit growing zones are based on the climatic factors. research sites across the different project countries, and assessed their potential in different agro-climatic, socio-economic and political contexts. z. Climatic Zones Of Horticultural Crops. The statistics related to state-wise agro-ecosystems cropping pattern for 1998-99 and cropping pattern according to land utilization are provided. Consequently the elevation difference in the study area is about 1,700 meters that demonstrate the existence of varied agro climatic zones. Major part of the country is rain-fed. The prototype strain is Neethling virus. Ethiopia is a country of great geophysical and biological diversity. agro-climatic zones Zemelak Goraga1*, Cassio Wilbert2 and Luizinho Caron2 1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research at DZARC, P. O. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was employed to test whether … Of those that do exist, we bought all available data from the Ethiopian Climate Institute, which your find summarized below. Agro-climate: The region has hot summers and cool winters (arid), with the mean annual precipitation being less than 400 mm. Batjes, 2006. Climate is one of the important complex factors which influence the fruit production. A region can be divided into agro-climatic zones (CZs) ... L. StroosnijderA new agro-climatic classification for crop suitability zoning in northern semi-arid Ethiopia. The region has aridic soil moisture and hyperthermic soil temperature regimes. The only marketed products were butter (65.91%), “ayib” (17.14%) and fresh milk (1.88%). Box 21, Concordia SC, 89700-000, Concordia, Brazil. An agro-climatic zone is a land unit uniform in respect of climate and length of growing period (LGP) which is climatically suitable for a large range of crops and cultivators. 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