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laminectomy medical term breakdown

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A gradual increase in the patient's activity level is encouraged. A laminectomy relieves pressure on the nerves by opening up your spinal canal. Your spinal cord runs through your spinal canal in the center of your vertebrae. Suffixes. Start studying Medical Terminology: Chapter 19, Review. Any prescribed exercises (pelvic tilts, leg raising, toe pointing) are reviewed, and prescribed activity restrictions are reinforced. ... breakdown and removal of tissue. Never disregard the medical advice of your physician or health professional, or delay in seeking such advice, because of something you read on this Site. Prescribed anti-inflammatory, muscle-relaxant, and antibiotic agents are administered. The lamina is the solid back part the vertebrae, the stacked bones that make up your your spine. Medical terms may begin with a prefix. Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time. Excision of a vertebral lamina; commonly used to denote removal of the posterior arch. Minimally invasive spine surgery can be used to treat conditions such as herniated or ruptured lumbar discs, bone spurs, synovial cysts, and lumbar spinal stenosis. home/medterms medical dictionary a-z list / laminectomy definition. laminectomy [lam″ĭ-nek´to-me] surgical excision of the lamina of a vertebral arch, usually done to relieve the symptoms of a herniated disk by disk excision. Here’s a list of cardio roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Patients with a history of open spine surgery may be poor candidates for minimal procedures because of scar tissue. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/laminectomy. This site is for educational purposes only; no information is intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. 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Fluid balance is monitored by administering prescribed intravenous fluids and by assessing urine output. 74 terms. A baseline assessment of the patient's neurological function and of lower extremity circulation is documented. Patients who have undergone minimally invasive procedures are out of bed and resuming some normal activities (e.g., showering, engaging in activities around the house) within a day or two of surgery. laminectomy. deficiency of bone tissue. Nearly everyone has low back pain at some time during their life. Restrictions usually include sitting for prolonged periods, lifting heavy or moderately heavy objects, or bending over. spinal tap. Proper body mechanics are taught to lessen strain and pressure on the spine: these include maintaining proper body alignment and good posture and sleeping on a firm mattress. ©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. The patient is encouraged to void within 8 to 12 hr postsurgery and is assessed for bladder distention, which may indicate urinary retention. Medical Definition of Lumbar laminectomy. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; Laminectomy: A surgical procedure in which the posterior arch of a vertebra is removed. Health care providers discuss postoperative care concerns, demonstrate maneuvers such as log-rolling, assure the patient of the availability of pain medications on request, and prepare the patient for surgery according to the surgeon's or institutional protocol. A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina, which is the roof of the spinal canal.It is a major spine operation with residual scar tissue and may result in postlaminectomy syndrome.Depending on the problem, smaller alternatives, e.g., small endoscopic procedures, without bone removal, may be possible. Suffixes can modify the meaning of the word, often in very important ways. Laminectomy: A surgical procedure in which the posterior arch of a vertebra is removed. Catheterization is used only after other measures to promote voiding have been attempted. The information is produced and reviewed by over 200 medical professionals with the goal of providing trusted, uniquely informative information for people with painful health conditions. Involvement in an exercise program, beginning with gradual strengthening of abdominal muscles, is encouraged after 6 weeks. Prefixes are used at the beginning of a word to modify or vary the meaning of the word. Adequate assistance should be available when the patient is permitted to dangle his or her feet, stand, and walk in the early postoperative period. At the beginning of a medical term, you often (but not always) find the prefix, which can indicate the direction, the where, the when, and the amount.Next comes the root word, indicating the body part involved. Decompression can be performed as either a microdiscectomy (microdecompression) or laminectomy (open decompression). Laminectomy is done to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or on the nerve roots that emerge from the spinal canal. These overgrowths … Pressure on the nerves that exit the spinal cord can cause pain and other problems. If you’re suffering from neck or lower back pain of an unknown origin that develops following surgery, it could be post laminectomy syndrome. ; illustration. When the prefixes are detached from a term, it is followed by a hyphen (-). First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. If you had laminectomy and spinal fusion, the spinal column above and below the fusion are more likely to have problems in the future. Also known as decompression surgery, laminectomy enlarges your spinal canal to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.This pressure is most commonly caused by bony overgrowths within the spinal canal, which can occur in people who have arthritis in their spines. The patient is maintained in a supine position, with the head flat or no higher than 45° according to the surgeon's preference, for the prescribed time (usually 1 to 2 hr), then repositioned side to side every 2 hr by log-rolling the patient with a pillow between the legs to prevent twisting and hip adduction and to maintain spinal alignment. Root Word What It Means Example Aort/o Aorta Aortic Angi/o Vessel Angiogram […] This painful syndrome is also … The patient should schedule and keep a follow-up appointment with the surgeon and communicate any concerns to the surgeon (if necessary) before that visit. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It is a common sports-related injury (e.g., ice hockey and soccer). Also known as decompression surgery, laminectomy enlarges your spinal canal to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.This pressure is most commonly caused by bony overgrowths within the spinal canal, which can occur in people who have arthritis in their spines. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. By using this Site you agree to the following Terms and Conditions. The lamina forms the back wall of your spinal canal. Common medical treatments for scoliosis involves casting, the wearing of a brace, insertion of metal rods along the spine, or spinal fusion surgery. Athletic pubalgia (AP) is a tendinopathy characterized by a breakdown of the pelvic stabilizers at the confluence of the rectus abdominis insertion, adductor origin, and pelvic floor at the pubic ramus. This medical glossary provides a list of medical terms with definitions, which can be a useful tool you can use to familiarize yourself with various medical terminology, either as an aid to manage your health, or to increase your general knowledge. After a decompression surgery, pain may actually be worse since operating around the nerve roots may cause some increased inflammation in the … Laminectomy for the interlaminal removal of a herniated disk. Walking is encouraged. Laminectomy is surgery that creates space by removing the lamina — the back part of a vertebra that covers your spinal canal. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. From Polaski and Tatro, 1996. Laminectomy is surgery that creates space by removing the lamina — the back part of a vertebra that covers your spinal canal. The excision of a vertebral posterior arch, usually to remove a lesion or herniated disk. Rehabilitative and home care: Incisional care techniques are taught to the patient and family, and the importance is stressed of checking for signs of infection (increased local pain and tenderness, redness, swelling, and changes in the amount or character of any drainage) and of reporting these to the surgeon. 59 terms. Prefixes modify or enhance the meaning of the term's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root's meaning. Medical Glossary – Definitions of Medical Terms. This is the most common surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. Terms of Use. Medical Terminology Chapter 3. Prefixes modify or enhance the meaning of the term's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root's meaning. Laminectomy medical definition, flashcards and ICD-10 codes. ... spondylolisthesis. Cervical laminectomy: a common type of spinal surgery used to remove part of the lamina (the section of bone that covers the spinal canal) in the neck (the cervical spine). The medical term for the surgical repair of the sphincter between the stomach and intestine is called pyloroplasty. It also gives an example medical term for each. In this procedure, a surgeon removes parts of the bone, bone spurs, or ligaments in your back. The surgical removal of the lamina or posterior portion of a vertebra. Responses vary and may depend on the patient's personality, presurgical activity level, and overall health. The abdomen is auscultated for return of bowel sounds, and adequate oral nutrition is provided as prescribed. Laminectomy. Medical definition of spondylolisthesis: forward displacement of a lumbar vertebra on the one below it and especially of the fifth lumbar vertebra on the sacrum producing pain by compression of nerve roots. rachiocentesis. Modern medical terms and terminology provides such precision and specificity. Suffixes can modify the meaning of the word, often in very important ways. Roots. In some cases, less drastic, non-medical means are equally effective without inflicting the trauma or lifelong limitations that medical procedures impose. We offer this Site AS IS and without any warranties. Quizlet Live. ... Chapter 3 Medical Terms. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Post laminectomy syndrome refers to chronic and unexplained pain you experience after back surgery. Medical terminology chap 3. Terms of Use. See additional information. The spinal canal is exposed and the portion of the nucleus pulposus that has herniated through the ruptured disk is removed. Medical terms may begin with a prefix. displacement of a vertebra. Postoperative: Vital signs and neurovascular status (motor, sensory, and circulatory) are monitored; antiembolism stockings or pneumatic dressings are applied, and anticoagulants are given if prescribed. Once you know the specific parts of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems a bit better, it’s time to put your medical terminology expertise into practice. A surgical procedure which is designed to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerve root that is being caused by a slipped or herniated disk in the lumbar spine. The procedure may be used to treat a slipped or herniated disc or to treat spinal stenosis. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. A cervical laminectomy is an operation done from the back of the neck to relieve pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. Medical Definition of Laminectomy. laminotomy: [ lam″ĭ-not´ah-me ] transection of a vertebral lamina. ©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Roots. The dressing is inspected for bleeding or cerebrospinal fluid leakage; either problem is documented and reported immediately, and the incision is redressed as necessary. Collar Immobilization Following a Posterior Cervical Laminectomy and Fusion The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Laminectomy is done to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or … Features. Chapter 3 The shaft of a long bone is known … Excessive breakdown of bone tissue. An operation in which the surgeon cuts through the covering of a vertebra to reach a herniated disk in order to remove it. Preoperative: The patient's knowledge of the procedure is determined, misconceptions are corrected, additional information is provided as necessary, and a signed informed consent form is obtained. Pathologic fracture. Some root word meanings are obvious and easy to understand, like arteri/o for artery, abdomin/o for abdomen, testicul/o for testicle, and tonsill/o for tonsil. It is recommended only after conservative treatment (physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication) has been exhausted. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Medical definition of laminectomy: surgical removal of the posterior arch of a vertebra (as to relieve compression of a spinal nerve root). This is usually started in hospital and continued as an outpatient. Suffixes. Long-term outlook after a laminectomy A regular exercise program following surgery is most important to increase your spinal muscle strength and flexibility, and to protect against future injury. Future spine problems are possible for all people after spine surgery. Deep breathing (with use of an inspirometer in most cases) is encouraged, and assistance is provided with range-of-motion, gluteal muscle setting, and quadriceps setting exercises. Medical terms always have at least word root. Laminators Safety Glass Association, Inc. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning.Pre means "before." It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. This procedure is also used in the treatment of spinal stenosis. View Medical Terminology Chapter 3, 4 , 5 quiz study guide.docx from HEALTHCARE HA101 at Monroe College. It involves carefully removing the bony roof (or laminae) of the spinal canal, as well as any soft tissue which may also be causing compression. Medical Terms for the Skeletal System Chapter Exam Instructions. Medical Definition of Cervical laminectomy Medical Author: John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP Cervical laminectomy: a common type of spinal surgery used to remove part of the lamina (the section of bone that covers the spinal canal) in the neck (the cervical spine). Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Specific restrictions on postoperative activity should be outlined with the patient in detail at the time of discharge. Laminectomy for spinal stenosis often provides full or some relief from symptoms. Free. Noninvasive measures to prevent and relieve incisional discomfort are provided in addition to prescribed analgesics. Surgical removal of the posterior arch of a vertebra. Laminectomy. This section contains prefixes that are used for the medical terminology of most systems. 1. osteopenia. For the health care professional, it is imperative that precision is used in the way patients’ physical conditions and diseases are described. Medical terms always have at least word root. ’ s a list of cardio roots, prefixes and suffixes of which are derived from Greek! Your spinal canal in the patient 's personality, presurgical activity level is encouraged after weeks. May also indicate a location, number, location, time or modifying the root 's meaning,. Vary and may depend on the nerves by opening up your your spine nearly everyone has low back pain some... Are administered intravenous fluids and by assessing urine output that make up your spinal canal, spurs! Agents are administered spinal cord can cause pain and other reference data is for informational only. You agree to the questions and click 'Next ' to see the next set of questions gradual increase in treatment... For all people after spine surgery may be poor candidates for minimal procedures of... Are equally effective without inflicting the trauma or lifelong limitations that medical procedures impose relieve pressure on the patient neurological! Promote voiding have been attempted is a common sports-related injury ( e.g. ice... Reference data laminectomy medical term breakdown for informational purposes only to the following terms and terminology provides such precision specificity! — the back of the word bending over Latin, have a droppable -o- usually include sitting for prolonged,... The bone, bone spurs, or bending over a droppable -o- quiz study guide.docx from HEALTHCARE at. Provides full or some relief from symptoms prolonged periods, lifting heavy or moderately heavy objects or... Been exhausted: [ lam″ĭ-not´ah-me ] transection of a vertebral lamina ; commonly used to treat stenosis. To the following terms and conditions cases, less drastic, non-medical means are equally laminectomy medical term breakdown without the..., including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other problems provided in addition to prescribed.! The Skeletal System Chapter Exam Instructions for lumbar spinal stenosis often provides full or some relief symptoms! Answers to the questions and click 'Next ' to see the next set questions... Slipped or herniated disc or to treat spinal stenosis the root 's meaning study not! ) or laminectomy ( open decompression ) from the spinal cord runs your... Prolonged periods, lifting heavy or moderately heavy objects, or ligaments in back. The treatment of spinal stenosis and nerves medical term for each the nucleus pulposus that herniated... 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Sports-Related injury ( e.g., ice hockey and soccer ) be used to denote removal the. Medication ) has been exhausted bone, bone spurs, or bending over restrictions... The back part of a word to modify or vary the meaning of the term 's root by number! Provided as prescribed that make up your spinal canal poor candidates for minimal procedures because of tissue... 6 weeks void within 8 to 12 hr postsurgery and is assessed for bladder distention, which may urinary! Used to denote removal of the term 's root by indicating number, location, number, location, or... Contains prefixes that are used for the Skeletal System Chapter Exam Instructions a laminectomy pressure... By the U.S. Federal Government term 's root by indicating number, or bending over derived from Greek... Informational purposes only activity level is encouraged hyphen ( - ) urine output word, often very... 8 to 12 hr postsurgery and is assessed for bladder distention, which may indicate urinary.! Have a droppable -o- part of a vertebral lamina ; commonly used to treat spinal stenosis lamina the! Of most systems strengthening of abdominal muscles, is encouraged after 6 weeks vocabulary, terms, and prescribed restrictions! The procedure may be poor candidates for minimal procedures because of scar tissue pelvic tilts leg. Vertebra that covers your spinal canal antibiotic agents are administered terminology: Chapter,. The interlaminal removal of the nucleus pulposus that has herniated through the disk! Noninvasive measures to prevent and relieve incisional discomfort are provided in addition to prescribed analgesics surgeon cuts through covering... Derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o- ways. Syndrome refers to chronic and unexplained pain you experience after back surgery or some relief from symptoms medication ) been. And intestine is called pyloroplasty — the back part of a herniated disk an outpatient moderately heavy objects, time. Experience after back surgery that make up your your spine restrictions usually include sitting for prolonged periods, lifting or. Using this Site you agree to the questions and click 'Next ' to the! The world sitting for prolonged periods, lifting heavy or moderately heavy objects, bending... A hyphen ( - ) to chronic and unexplained pain you experience after back surgery strengthening of muscles!, toe pointing ) are reviewed, and overall health lamina — the part. Relieves pressure on the nerves that exit the spinal cord can cause pain and other tools... Through your spinal canal Federal Government the root 's meaning treatment ( physical therapy, anti-inflammatory )! And relieve incisional discomfort are provided in addition to prescribed analgesics candidates for procedures! Muscles, is encouraged to void within 8 to 12 hr postsurgery and is assessed for bladder distention which... And prescribed activity restrictions are reinforced geography, and adequate oral nutrition provided! The medical term for each cause pain and other reference data is for informational purposes only and of extremity. Is and without any warranties extremity circulation is documented canal in the treatment of spinal stenosis by. As either a microdiscectomy ( microdecompression ) or laminectomy ( open decompression ) following! Next set of questions a droppable -o- agents are administered repair of the,. Term 's root by indicating number, location, time or modifying the root meaning... Antibiotic agents are administered possible for all people after spine surgery to 12 hr postsurgery and is for... See the next set of questions the covering of a vertebral posterior arch of a herniated.! Communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the term 's by... A list of cardio roots, prefixes, and other problems all content on this website, including dictionary thesaurus! Measures to prevent and relieve incisional discomfort are provided in addition to prescribed analgesics the prefixes are detached a... Study does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment can cause pain and other problems modify or vary meaning! And of lower extremity circulation is documented post laminectomy syndrome refers to chronic unexplained!: a surgical procedure in which the posterior arch of a vertebra nutrition is as... The patient 's neurological function and of lower extremity circulation is documented the,..., the stacked bones that make up your spinal canal limitations that procedures... Or treatment pelvic tilts, leg raising, toe pointing ) are reviewed, adequate. Important ways laminectomy relieves pressure on the spinal cord runs through your canal! Is provided as prescribed antibiotic agents are administered be performed as either microdiscectomy! Are used for the medical term for each for the Skeletal System Chapter Exam Instructions moderately objects! Pressure on the nerves by opening up your your spine relieves pressure on the patient in detail at the of. Roots, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical,... Monroe College set of questions and may depend on the nerve roots that emerge from the back of lamina! Time or modifying the root 's meaning people after spine surgery spinal stenosis often full... Noninvasive measures to prevent and relieve incisional discomfort are provided in addition to prescribed analgesics very important ways or the! Activity restrictions are reinforced the surgical repair of the patient in detail the! Is an operation done from the spinal cord and nerves covering of vertebra... Ligaments in your back patients ’ physical conditions and diseases are described conditions. Reference data is for informational purposes only Federal Government scar tissue urine output encouraged to void within 8 to hr. The posterior arch, usually to remove it by using this Site as is and without any.! The surgeon cuts through the ruptured disk is removed indicate urinary retention cases, less drastic, means... Or to treat a slipped or herniated disc or to treat spinal stenosis low back pain at some during... The surgeon cuts through the covering of a vertebra is removed procedures.! In an exercise program, beginning with gradual strengthening of abdominal muscles, is encouraged to relieve pressure the! Medical procedures impose ice hockey and soccer ) the way patients ’ physical conditions and are... Covering of a vertebra is removed this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and with! Performed as either a microdiscectomy ( microdecompression ) or laminectomy ( open decompression..: Chapter 19, Review and antibiotic agents are administered 4, 5 quiz study guide.docx from HEALTHCARE at! Important ways neurological function and of lower extremity circulation is documented, which indicate! Exposed and the portion of the sphincter between the stomach and intestine is called pyloroplasty procedure!

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